Wikipedia for java mobile

wikipedia for java mobile

The mobile version is available for all versions of Wikipedia. If you have a Java ME-capable browser, you might consider installing Opera Mini, a Java. The idea of utilising a wiki which would allow members of the public to contribute Java is nearly ubiquitous in mobile phones, web servers and enterprise. Approximately in USD, mobile versions cost $7, and the Xbox One and TV As with Legacy Console Edition and Java Edition, updates are free of charge. Java Platform, Micro Edition or Java ME is a computing platform for development and deployment of portable.

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Java Indonesian: Jawa ; Javanese: Much of Indonesian history took place on Java. It was the center of powerful Hindu-Buddhist empires, the Islamic sultanates, and the core of the colonial Dutch East Indies. Java was also the center of the Indonesian struggle for independence during the s and s. Java dominates Greatest show unearthed politically, economically and culturally. A chain of volcanic mountains forms an east—west spine along the island.

Three main languages are spoken on the island: JavaneseSundaneseand Maduresewhere Javanese is the most spoken; it is the native language wikipedia for java mobile about 60 million Javanese people in Indonesia, most of whom live on Java.

Furthermore, most residents are bilingualspeaking Indonesian the official language of Indonesia as their first or second language. While the majority of the people of Java are MuslimJava's population comprises people of wikipedia for java mobile religious beliefs, ethnicities, and cultures. The origins of the name "Java" are not clear. Sugrivathe chief of Rama 's army dispatched his men to Yavadvipa, the island of Java, in search of Sita. Java is mentioned in the ancient Tamil text Manimekalai by Chithalai Chathanar that states that Java had a kingdom with a capital called Nagapuram.

Iabadiu is said to mean "barley island", to be rich in gold, and have a silver town called Argyra at the west end. The name indicates Java, [9] and seems to be derived from the Sanskrit name Java-dvipa Yavadvipa. Java lies between Sumatra to the west and Bali to the east.

Borneo lies to the north and Christmas Island is to the south. It is the world's 13th largest island. Java is almost entirely of volcanic origin; it contains thirty-eight mountains forming an east—west spine that have at one time or another been active volcanoes. In total, Java boast more than mountains. More mountains and highlands help to split the interior into a series of relatively isolated regions suitable for wet-rice cultivation; the rice lands of Java are among the richest in the world.

Today, Coffea arabica is grown on the Ijen Plateau by small-holders and larger plantations. Other major rivers are BrantasCitarumCimanuk and Serayu. The south coast is generally cooler than the north, and highland areas inland are even cooler. During that rain falls mostly in the afternoons and intermittently during other parts of the year.

The wettest months are January and February. West Java is wetter than East Java and mountainous regions receive much higher rainfall. The natural environment of Java is tropical rainforestwith ecosystems ranging from coastal mangrove forests on the north coast, florin salam la inima m-ai ars mp3 coastal cliffs on the southern coast, and low-lying tropical forests to high altitude rainforests on the slopes of mountainous volcanic regions in the interior.

The Javan environment and climate gradually alters from west to east; from wet and humid dense rainforest in western parts, to a dry savanna environment in the east, corresponding to the climate and rainfall in these regions. Originally Javan wildlife supported a rich biodiversity, where numbers of endemic species of flora and fauna flourished; such as the Javan rhinoceros[17] Javan bantengJavan warty pigJavan hawk-eagleJavan peafowlJavan silvery gibbonJavan lutungJava mouse-deerJavan rusaand Javan leopard.

With over species of birds and 37 endemic species, Java is a birdwatcher's paradise. Since ancient times, people have opened the rainforest, altered the ecosystem, shaped the landscapes and created rice paddy and terraces to support the growing population.

Javan rice terraces have existed for more than a millennium, and had supported ancient agricultural kingdoms. The growing human population has put severe pressure on Java's wildlife, as rainforests were diminished and confined to highland slopes or isolated peninsulas. Some of Java's endemic species are now critically endangered, with some already extinct; Java used to have Javan tigers and Javan elephantsbut both have been rendered extinct.

Java is divided into four provinces and two special regions:. Fossilised remains of Homo erectuspopularly known as the " Java Man ", dating back 1.

The island's exceptional fertility and rainfall allowed the development of wet-field rice cultivation, which required sophisticated levels of cooperation between villages. Out of these village alliances, small kingdoms developed. The chain of volcanic mountains and associated highlands running the length of Java kept its interior regions and peoples separate and relatively isolated.

Only the Brantas and Sala rivers could provide long-distance communication, and this way their valleys supported the centres of major kingdoms. A system of roads, permanent bridges and toll gates is thought to have been established in Java by at least the midth century. Local powers could disrupt the routes as wikipedia for java mobile the wet season and road use was highly dependent on constant maintenance. Subsequently, communication between Java's population was difficult. The Taruma and Sunda kingdoms of western Java appeared in the 4th and 7th centuries respectively, while the Kalingga Kingdom sent embassies to China starting in Medang's religion centred on the Hindu god Shivaand the kingdom produced some of Java's earliest Hindu temples on the Dieng Plateau.

Around the 8th century the Sailendra dynasty rose in Kedu Plain and become the patron of Mahayana Buddhism. This ancient kingdom built monuments such as the 9th century Borobudur and Prambanan in central Java. Around the 10th century the centre of power shifted from central to eastern Java.

The eastern Javanese kingdoms of KediriSinghasari and Majapahit were mainly dependent on rice agriculture, yet also pursued trade within the Indonesian archipelago, and with China wikipedia for java mobile India. Majapahit was established by Wijaya [23]: Hayam Wuruk's prime minister, Gajah Madaled many of the kingdom's territorial conquests. Islam became the dominant religion in Java at the end of the 16th century.

During this era, the Islamic kingdoms of DemakCirebonand Banten were ascendant. The Mataram Sultanate became the dominant power of central and eastern Java at the end of the 16th century. The principalities of Surabaya and Cirebon were eventually subjugated such that only Mataram and Banten were left to face the Dutch in the 17th century.

Java's contact with the European colonial powers began in with a treaty between the Sunda kingdom and the Portuguese in Malacca. After its failure the Portuguese presence was confined to Malacca, and to the eastern islands. Ina four-ship expedition led by Cornelis de Houtman was the first Dutch contact with Indonesia. Internal conflict prevented the Javanese from forming effective alliances against the Dutch.

Remnants of the Mataram survived as the Surakarta Solo and Yogyakarta principalities. Javanese kings claimed to rule with divine authority and the Dutch helped them to preserve remnants of a Javanese aristocracy by confirming them as regents wikipedia for java mobile district officials within the colonial administration.

Java's major role during the early part of the colonial period was as a producer of rice. In spice producing islands like Bandarice was regularly imported from Java, to supply the deficiency in means of subsistence.

During the short-lived Daendels administration, as French proxy rule on Java, the construction of the Java Great Post Road was commenced in The road, spanning from Anyer in Western Java to Panarukan in East Java, served as a military supply route and was used in defending Java from British invasion. InJava wikipedia for java mobile captured by the Britishbecoming a possession of the British Empireand Sir Stamford Raffles was appointed as the island's Governor. InJava was returned to the Dutch under the terms of the Treaty of Paris.

Inthere may have been five wikipedia for java mobile people in Java. Factors for the great population growth include the impact of Dutch colonial rule including the imposed end to civil war in Java, the increase in the area under rice cultivation, and the introduction of food plants such as casava and maize that could sustain populations that could not afford rice.

The advent of trucks and railways where there had previously only been buffalo and carts, telegraph systems, and more coordinated distribution systems under the colonial government all contributed to famine elimination in Java, and in turn, population growth.

There were no significant famines in Java from the s through to the Japanese occupation in the s. Furthermore, the age of first marriage dropped during the 19th century thus increasing a woman's child-bearing wikipedia for java mobile. Indonesian nationalism first took hold in Java in the early 20th century, and the struggle to secure the country's independence following World War II was centered in Java.

InWikipedia for java mobile became independent and the island has dominated Indonesian social, political and economic life, which has been the source of resentment of those residents in other islands. Java has been traditionally dominated by an elite class, wikipedia for java mobile the people in the lower classes were often involved in agriculture and fishing.

The elite class in Java has evolved over the course of history, as cultural wave after wikipedia for java mobile wave immigrated to the island. There is evidence that South Asian emigres were among this elite, as well as Arabian and Persian immigrants during the Islamic eras. More recently, Chinese immigrants have also become part of the economic elite of Java.

Although politically the Chinese generally remain sidelined, there are notable exceptions, such as the wikipedia for java mobile governor of Jakarta, Basuki Tjahaja Purnama. Villages and their rice paddies are still a common sight. Unlike the rest of Java, the population growth in Central Java remains low. Central Java however has a younger population than the national wikipedia for java mobile. This is somewhat due to the fact that Java is the business, academic, and cultural hub of Indonesia, which attracts millions of non-Javanese people to its cities.

The population growth is most intense in the regions surrounding Jakarta and Bandungwhich is reflected through the demographic diversity in those areas. With a combined population of million in the census including Madura's 3. Every region of the island has numerous volcanoes, with the people left to wikipedia for java mobile the remaining flatter land. Because of this, many coasts are heavily populated and cities ring around the valleys surrounding volcanic peaks. The population growth wikipedia for java mobile more than doubled in economically depressed Central Java in the latest — period vs —, indicative of migration or other issues; there were significant volcanic eruptions during the earlier period.

The western third of the island West Java, Banten, and DKI Jakarta has an even higher population density, of nearly 1, per square kilometer and wikipedia for java mobile for the lion's ishq ka kalma movies of the population growth of Java. Health [34] estimates are used in their place. From the s to the fall of the Suharto regime inthe Indonesian government ran transmigration programs aimed at resettling the population of Java on other less-populated islands of Indonesia.

This program has met with mixed results, sometimes causing conflicts between the locals and the recently arrived settlers. Nevertheless, it has caused Java's share of the nation's population to progressively decline. Jakarta iron woodkid its outskirts, being the dominant metropolis, is also home to wikipedia for java mobile from all over the nation.

East Java is also home to ethnic Balinese, as well as large numbers of Madurans due to their historic poverty. Despite its large population and in contrast to the other larger islands of Indonesia, Java is comparatively homogeneous in ethnic composition. Only two ethnic groups are native wikipedia for java mobile the island—the Javanese and Sundanese.

wikipedia for java mobile

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